It is estimated that over 1.3 million people are suffering from This disease in the USA, The disease is more prevalence in the people aged between 30 to 55 years. More women are affected by this disease as compared to men. Rheumatoid arthritis also affects children, but these cases are very rare.
This disease might lead to the destruction of joints if it is not properly treated. It might also lead to disability as well as reducing the quality of life among the individuals who are severely affected by it.
The different types of medications used in treating this health condition includes the following;
- Disease-modifying Anti-rheumatic Drug
- Biologic response modifiers-a special type of DMARD
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications
A stepwise approach in treating rheumatoid arthritis was used in the past by doctors as a conservative measure. Nowadays, doctors have turned into a more aggressive approach which is considered to be more effective. This approach results in fewer symptoms, less joint damage, decreased disability and better function. The objective or aim of this approach is putting this disease into remission.
DMARDS-Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs
Biologists have come up with a drug known as “Disease-modifying Anti-rheumatic Drug.” It is commonly referred to as DMARD. This drug is very effective in reducing bone and joint damage as well as treating the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis. This medication can also be used alongside glucocorticoids and NSAIDs. Other types of analgesics or anti-inflammatories are not required when taking this medication.
DMARDS work by targeting the immune system. However, you need to be extra vigilant when using these drugs as they may weaken your immune system. This calls for regular blood tests among the patients using this drug .this would ensure that the drug does not hurt certain organs or the blood cells. The organs affected by this drug include the kidneys, lungs and the liver.
These are a special type of the DMARD. They work by targeting the part of your immune system response which causes joint damage and inflammation. It is by doing this that your condition improves. These drugs also help in relieving the rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. The symptoms might return if you happen to stop taking these medicines.
Most of the biological response modifiers put rheumatoid arthritis into remission by slowing its progression into the advanced stages.
NSAIDs: Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs
These drugs work by inhibiting or blocking the enzyme which promotes inflammation. Swelling and pain are greatly reduced by minimizing inflammation. However, these drugs are not effective in treating and reducing joint damage when they are used alone. They are therefore taken in conjunction with the other types or rheumatoid arthritis medications. These drugs are not recommended for people having a history of stomach ulcers, liver, kidney and heart problems. Their continued usage might also lead to digestive tract problems.…